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AMERIGAN AliT JOUJ^NAL.
WHAT IS A SERVING MACHINE?
It is a machine for making clothing and doing
Sewing of all kinds*
Does it make the same kind oi a stich that a
laoy makes with her needle ?
No; it makes other kinds.
What are they called ?
"Lockstitch,^' "Chain Stitch," and "Double
T^Tiat is the difference ?
Hero IS a picture of the Lock Stitch, as the
thread looks when stitched into the cloth, only
this is made larger and coarser that you may see
b ■■.i' .'■ X _'" \ -— ■ '■■■■-5 A''. viiS^^
No. 1.— Lock Stitch.
It is made with two threads, one on each aide
Of the cloth) and ''locked" together in the cen*
tre. Hence It is called the "Lockstitch." It
cannot be pulled out, nor raveled, and there is
only a single line of thread on each side of the
ts the seam strong and firm ? "^
Yes; just as lirm as the cloth when "Tproperly
inade. It is the principal stit'ch ftiad^ fey-sewing
machines suice their first inveiitionv
How much thread does it take f jr a yard oi
About two yards and one halK
What is the principal machine that makes the
Lock Stitxjh ?
THlfi WHEELlilR & WILSON MACHINE.
What is the ' ' Chain Stitch I "
Here is a picture ol it
No. 2.— Chain-Stitch.
It is such a stitch as the ladies make In knit*
tmg and crocheting, and it can bo raveled in the,
same way. • ^- ' *
Is it much used in Sewing? ' •
No ; because the seams made with it pull out
so easily. Think of garments coming apart
when one is in the street
How much thread does it take for a yard of
About four and a half yards; or nearly twice as
much as the * ' Lock-Stitch. "
What is the principal machine making this
The Wilcox & Gibbs.
What is the " Double Chatn-stitch t"
It is very much like the Single Chain Stitch,
but is made'with two threads.
•Here is a picture of it..
No. 3.— Double Chain Stitch.
Can it be raveled ?
Yes; and shows a ridge on one side.
What makes that ridge on the under side of the
It is the looping and knotting of the two
Does that do any harm ?
Yes; it weai'S off when garments are washed
and ironed. It does not look well unless as em-
broidery, No one would like a handkerchief
hemmed with it, or -any seam made that shows.
A handsome stitch, you kndw, only shows a sin-
gle line of thread.
How muck thread does it take Ibr a yard of
About six and one half (6^) .yards. The most
of any machine.
What machine makes this sLitch ?
The Grover «fc Baker.
Who use Sewing Machines ?
The Wheeler & Wilson are used by Seam-
stresses, Dress Makers, Tailors, Manufacturers of
Shirts, Collars, Skirts, Cloaks, Mantillas, Cloth-
ing, Hats, Caps, Corsets, Ladies' Boots and
Shoes, Linen goods. Umbrellas, Parasols, etc.
They work equally well upon silk, linen, woolen
and cotton goods, with silk, cotton or linen
thread. They will seam, quilt, gather, hem, fell,
cord, braid, bind, and perform every species of
sewing, making a beautiful and perfect stitch,
alike on both sides of the article sewed.
How many Wheeler & Wilson machines have
Nearly 300,000. : --•
How fast can the machine work ?
The Wheeler & Wilson Company has pre-
pared tables showing, by actual experiments of
four different workers, the time required. to stitch
each part ot a garment by hand, and with the
Wheeler & Wilson Sewing Machine. Subjoined
is a summary of several of the tables:—
BY MACHINE. Bt SANDj
Hours. Minutos. Hours. Minutes.
Geatlemen's Shirts 1" 16 U 26
TVOck Coots. ........2 88 16 35
Satin Vests 1 14 7 10
linen Vests .....0 48 5 14
Cloth Pants 61 6 10
Summer Pants..... 88 2 60
SilkDress... i. 1 13 8 27
Merino Dress .1 4 8 27
Calico Dross. » 57 6 37
Chemise.. ...1 i 10 31
MorednSkirt .......0 Sl> 7 28
Muslin Sldrt SO;* 7 1
Drawers............. 28 "4 6
Nijyht Dress.. 1, 7 io 2
Silk Apron...... ..0 16 4 16
Plain Apron.... »0 9 1 26
NUMBER OF STITCHES MADE PER MINUTE.
By Hand. With Machine. Ratio.
Stitching fine Linen 23 640 28
Stitching Satin. ...24 520 22
Stttching Silk ........ .30 650 18
Seaming fine Cloth 18 504 16
Patent Leather, fine Stitching, 7 176 25
Pitting Ladies' Gaiters , . 28 610 18
Stitching Shoe Vamps ........ 10 210 21
Binding Hats>.......k 33 374 11
WBen the machines are driven by power, this
ratio is much higher— 1,600 and 2,000 stitches
per minute not being an unusual average.
Think how much time is saved by usijig the
The proportion of thread used m making the
various stitches is as follows?
"Lock Stitch, 'U; "Chain Stitch,'M 8-lOths;
" Double Chain Stilch," 2 5-lOths.
Prob. 1. If a "Lock Stitch" machine-useslO
cents worth of thread and silk in a day, how
much would it use in a year of 300 working days?
Prob 2. How much wculd a " Chain Stitch "
machine use in doing the same amount of sewing.
Ans., $54: worth.
Prob. 3. How much would a "Double Chain
Stitch " machine use in doing the same amount
of sewing? Ans., $75 worth.
Prob. d. There will be ultimately at least a mil-
lion of sewing machines used in the country ; at
the^abovo rate, what value of thread and silk
would be used annually if all of one kind were
used? Ans. "Lock Stitch," $30,000,000;
"Chain Stitch," $54,000,000; "Double Chain
Prob. 5. What value of thread would be wasted
by the "Chain Stitch?" Ans. $24,000,000.
Prob. 6. What value would be wasted by the
"Double Chain Stitch?" Ans. $45,000,000.
Prob. 7. If there be 6,000,000 families in the
United States, how much would it cost to send
each a weekly newspaper at $1,50. Ans, 9,000^^
000..:. . ^^'^ ^
Prob. 8. How much to send a monthly Maga-
zine at $2.00 Ans. $12,000,000.
Prob. 9. How much would remain of the
$45,000,000 of waste, for. Missionary, Educa-
tional and Charitable purposes. Ans. 24, 000, 000.
Is it wicked to waste things. Yes.
Then what sewing machine should be used ?
Ans. " Wheeler & Wilson's Lock Stitch Sew-